"Please have a look at my work and stay awhile." Dick Toone, Artisan and Proprietor

18th Century Bedding

Yes, There Were 18th Century Folding Chairs

I need to exclaim that my position that there were no 18h Century chairs/stools with backs was wrong. Ty Davis, past Captain of the American Long Rifle Association (ALRA), discovered an illustration in the 1769 edition of “L’Art du Menuisier” by Andro Jacub Roulo showing two examples of a folding chair/stools with a back. This drawing from the book illustrates the chairs along with another example of a folding bedstead and table. I have no intention to try to duplicate either example as both look uncomfortable.
campaign-bed

Cotton Versus Linen. Which is Correct for an 18th Century Cot?

When recreating a historic piece of furniture I look at as many existing original samples as possible. After all, the resulting recreation has to be right! Having said that, the making of Revolutionary War era cots has posed a dilemma for years, because the several original cots I have seen never had original fabric in place.

What I do know it that headboard peg’s spread has a width of 30 plus inches. The pin between the legs fixed the height and that too pointed to a 30 inch width. Canvas and most other fabric rarely exceeded 26 inches (this probably due to having to pass a hand shuttle back and forth when weaving).

Frank Rodrigues in New Bedford repairs sails for many historic and reproduction square riggers today and the English linen canvas he uses  still comes 26 inches wide. Linen is preferred because it does not stretch. Cotton does stretch and was too expensive in the 18th century for sails, tents, or cots. The only answer seemed to be to sew two pieces together of linen together. Now that gets expensive and I have no proof it was correct.

Enter Jim Kochan (James A. Kochan Fine Art & Antiques Frederick, MD) with an original cot with the original pieced canvas in place! So now I had confirmation of the piecing together the fabric.  Now the question is answered but the cost is higher. Oh well, either it is right or it is not.

My cots now will be with the pieced (double hand stitched) heavy linen canvas stitched and supplied by Frank Rodrigues. The canvas will be  secured to the cot rails by nails through a strip of leather all as observed from original 18th Century examples. The cots will handle very large people with no problem, disassemble for easier transport, and provide a sense of satisfaction of sleeping in comfort more correctly.

 

About

We hand-build 18th century travel furnishings and field equipage to your specifications.

The Living History Shop works in close collaboration with historic sites as well as the Smithsonian Museum to research and reproduce unusual and challenging examples of historic technology specific to the 1740-1790 time period.

Because of the increasing complexity and scope of our projects, we will no longer be printing a catalog. Simply call or email us with your needs or to obtain current prices and delivery schedule.

Curators of historic sites can obtain — with permission from sites in possession — reproductions of some of George Washington’s personal campaign furniture and accessories, including his: Folding Field Bedsteads, Mess Kit, Stool, Liquor Chest, Shaving Kit, large Storage Box, Luggage and Writing Case.

All items are made from original examples I have seen and documented and employ construction details of the original. Iron keyed locks are used on chest lids and drawers. Hand forged iron work is made to our specifications by Jeff Miller (Flintlock Forge).

Examples include:

  • Wooden chests with dovetail or lap joints, forged iron or rope handles, snipe or strap hinges, painted or not
  • Pine topped tables with scissor leg or sawbuck design (2″ X-legs with streacher between)
  • Pine plank benches
  • Pine bench Shaving Horse
  • Red oak open frame wheelbarrows with solid (non-spoked) wheel standard
  • Red oak standard size ( 1 3/4″ thick frame) four spoke wheelbarrows with or without sides 1/2″ thick
  • White oak heavy duty wheelbarrows using 2″ thick stock for frame and 3/4″ thick sides and bottom – four spoke wheel
  • 17-18th century Miner Style Wheelbarrow (from Diderot) with four spoked wheel in red or white oak 3/4″ sides
  • Walnut folding officers bedstead in single or double width complete with bed curtains, mattress, and storage chest
  • Walnut officers grade Chippendale style folding table with matching upholstered stool including custom canvas case
  • Walnut or maple Georgian period folding chair upholstered in leather
  • The best wooden handled table top brazier made
  • Officer grade Mess Kit Canteen
  • Wine crates with or without blown bottles
  • Wine chest with blown bottles and glasses of officer grade in iron clasped walnut and with hand made lock
  • Sundry small items such as lidded pine Tavern Tankards, Tape Looms, and curly maple Lanterns

18TH CENTURY FOLDING BEDSTEAD

18th century design folding bedstead with bedding (tic) contained in a hide covered trunk. The idea to build this piece came from reinactor Jose Lopez Reyes who saw an original in a museum in Madrid, Spain.

George Washington had one that is now at The Henry Ford Museum, Dearborn, Michigan. This one utilizes a wooden frame, however, Washington’s frame was metal.

The bed measures 32 inches wide by 73 inches long. Heavy linen sailcloth laced with hemp cordage provided by Frank Rodrigues. All hardware is hand forged period correct, blacksmithed by Jeff Miller. More than 500 cast brass nails (tacks) secure and decorate the oiled goat raw hide covering. These are the same tacks used Steve Freede of The Trunk Shoppe. The case is lined with green wool baize and fully finished.

This unique piece was shown  at the Pennsylvania Fine Folk Art and Arms Show, October 28, 29, 2011 at Carlisle, Pennsylvania.

Display at the Pennsylvania Fine Folk Art & Arms Show

 

Bedstead set up with curtains in raised position to provide more breeze.

 

View of interior space at six foot one length and spacious thirty-two inches wide and double-layer custom mattress.

R & R TOONE | FIELD EQUIPAGE

Have a look at my museum-quality reproduction travel furnishings from 1740-1790. Including folding beds, chests, tables, chairs, wheelbarrows and all manner of accessories. I have been dedicated to meeting the needs of museums, historical sites, and officers in the field.
Until further notice, I will not be taking any new orders due to an extended illness.
However, I will be attending some history venues and demonstrating horn making on the spring pole lathe.

PORTRAITS

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Please call with your questions or orders. We enjoy complex or challenging research and build opportunities.

Richard & Regina Toone
18 Tower Drive
Columbus, NJ 08022
PHONE (609) 261-3415

EMAIL